This is going to be lengthy. So please, settle down in your favourite position (lie down, sit, stand, squat, hang mid air… whatever suits you),and then, grab a cup of coffee and let’s get started.

In today’s Vocabulary class, we are going to learn some new literary words to spice up our poetry writing. 
In many writing exercises, whether they be writing a job application, creating a speech, orbusiness writing, you will probably have been told to use everyday words and keep your language simple. That is often very sound advice, and helps keep communication simple and effective. 
In some contexts, though, you may wish to use a less common, more elevated word. This list of words below would largely be used in writing that was intentionally seeking a literary tone. For us, it is a poem. 
Here we go, literary words.
abode – a home
access – an outburst of an emotion
adieu – goodbye
afar – at a distance
apace – quickly
argosy – a large merchant ship
arrant – utter
asunder – into pieces
atrabilious – melancholy or bad-tempered
aurora – the dawn
bard – a poet
barque – a boat
bedizen – dress gaudily
beget – produce (a child)
behold – see
beseech – ask urgently and fervently
bestrew – scatter
betide – happen
betoken – be a warning of
blade – sword
blithe – happy
bosky – covered by trees or bushes
brand – a sword
brume – mist or fog
celerity – swiftness
circumvallate – surround with a rampart or wall
clarion – loud and clear
cleave to – stick fast to
cockcrow – dawn
coruscate – flash or sparkle
crapulent – relating to the drinking of alcohol
crescent – growing
darkling relating to growing darkness
deep, – the sea
dell – a small valley
dingle – a deep wooded valley
divers – of varying types
Dives – a rich man
dolour – great sorrow
dome – a stately building
dulcify – sweeten
effulgent – shining brightly
eld – old age
eminence – a piece of rising ground
empyrean – the sky
ere – before
erne – a sea eagle
espy – catch sight of
ether – the clear sky
evanescent – quickly fading
farewell –  goodbye

fervid  – hot or glowing

fidus –  Achates a faithful friend

finny –  relating to fish

firmament  – the sky

flaxen –  pale yellow

fleer  – jeer or laugh disrespectfully

flexuous  – full of bends and curves

fulgent  – shining brightly

fulguration  – a flash like lightning

fuliginous  – sooty; dusky

fulminate  – explode violently

furbelow  – adorn with trimmings

gird  – secure with a belt

glaive  – a sword

gloaming  – dusk

greensward  – grassy ground

gyre  – whirl or gyrate

hark  – listen

horripilation  – gooseflesh; hair standing on end

hymeneal –  relating to marriage

ichor  – blood, or a fluid likened to it

illude  – trick someone

imbrue  – stain one’s hand or sword with blood

impuissant  – powerless

incarnadine  – colour (something) crimson

ingrate  – ungrateful

inhume  – bury

inly  – inwardly

ire  – anger

isle  – an island

knell  – the sound of a bell

lachrymal  – connected with weeping or tears

lacustrine  – associated with lakes

lambent  – softly glowing or flickering

lave  – wash or wash over

lay –  a song

lea  – an area of grassy land

lenity  – kindness or gentleness

lightsome  – nimble

limn  – represent in painting or words

lucent  – shining

madding  – acting madly; frenzied

mage  – a magician or learned person

main  –  the open ocean

malefic  – causing harm

manifold  – many and various

marge  – a margin

mead  – a meadow

mephitic  – foul-smelling

mere  – a lake or pond

moon  – a month

morrow  – the following day
muliebrity  – womanliness

nescient  – lacking knowledge; ignorant

nigh  – near

niveous  – snowy

nocuous  – noxious, harmful, or poisonous

noisome  – foul-smelling

nymph  – a beautiful young woman

orb  – an eye

orgulous  – proud or haughty

pellucid  – translucent

perchance  – by some chance

perfervid  – intense and impassioned

perfidious  – deceitful and untrustworthy

philippic  – a bitter verbal attack

plangent  – loud and mournful

plash  –  a splashing sound

plenteous  – plentiful

plumbless  – extremely deep

poesy  – poetry

prothalamium  – a song or poem celebrating a wedding

puissant  – powerful or influential

pulchritude  – beauty

purl  – flow with a babbling sound

quidnunc  – an inquisitive and gossipy person

realm  – a kingdom

refulgent  – shining brightly

rend  – tear to pieces

repine  – be discontented

Rhadamanthine stern and incorruptible in judgement
roundelay  – a short, simple song with a refrain

rubescent  – reddening

rutilant  – glowing or glittering with red or golden light

sans  – without

scribe  – write

sea-girt  – surrounded by sea

sempiternal  – everlasting

serpent  – a snake

shade  – a ghost

ship of the desert  – a camel

shore country  – by the sea

slay  – kill

slumber sleep
star-crossed  – ill-fated

steed  – a horse

stilly  – still and quiet

storied  – celebrated in stories

strand  – a shore

Stygian  – very dark

summer  – a year of a person’s age

supernal  – relating to the sky or the heavens

susurration  – a whispering or rustling sound

swain  – a young lover or suitor

sword,  – the military power; violence

sylvan  – wooded

tarry  – delay leaving

temerarious  – rash or reckless

tenebrous  – dark; shadowy

threescore  – sixty

thrice  – three times

tidings –  news; information

toilsome  – involving hard work

tope  – drink alcohol to excess

travail  – painful or laborious effort

troublous  – full of troubles

tryst  – a rendezvous between lovers

unman  – deprive of manly qualities

vestal  – chaste; pure

vesture  – clothing

virescent  – greenish

viridescent  – greenish or becoming green

visage  – a person’s face

want  – lack or be short of

wax  – become larger or stronger

wayfarer  – a person who travels on foot

wed  – marry

welkin,  – the sky or heaven
whited sepulchre  – a hypocrite

wind  – blow (a bugle)

without  – outside

wondrous  – inspiring wonder

wont  – accustomed

wonted  – usual

wrathful  – extremely angry

wreathe –  twist or entwine

yon  – yonder; that

yore  – of former ties or long ago

youngling –  a young person or animal

zephyr  – a soft, gentle breeze

Learnt a new word? Attempt writing a new poems using those new words.
Enjoyed reading? Please help my blog grow by leaving a comment and sharing with friends. Thank you!

30, a collection of poems by Jaachi Anyatonwu
Jaachị Anyatọnwụ
Jaachị Anyatọnwụ is a poet, editor, and publisher living in the suburbs of Aba. He is the author of numerous poetry chapbooks and collections, and the Editor-In-Chief of Poemify Publishers Inc. Jaachị is passionate about discovering new voices and mentoring emerging poets. He is also a fierce advocate for the boy child and sexually molested.

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